When Facing an Opportunity to Exercise Benevolence, Do Not Yield.
This phrase means that one should behave ethically and never dodge one’s responsibility. It promotes a positive attitude that takes safeguarding morality and justice as one’s own responsibility and dares to shoulder and execute that responsibility.
Confucius said, “When faced with an opportunity to be benevolent, one should not yield even to one’s own teacher.”
Act Bravely for a Just Cause
This term refers to a person acting courageously to do what is righteous. This fine tradition establishes that a man should be committed to upholding justice and shouldering social responsibility.
One who knows what is right but takes no action is lacking in courage.
Give One’s Life to Uphold Righteousness
This belief is advocated by Mencius. He holds that upholding righteousness is an essential attribute of a dignified man, and without it one would lose his moral standing.
Life is precious, but survival should not be the only thing that is important in life. When one faces a choice between saving life and upholding righteousness, he should give life to uphold righteousness.
Both life and righteousness are important to me. However, if I cannot have both, I will give my life so as to uphold righteousness.
Survival of a Nation Is the Responsibility of Every Individual.
This household phrase means ordinary people also share responsibility for the fate of the country. Ever since, this saying has had tremendous influence in arousing the patriotic spirit among the people of China.
The key to wiping out our country’s humiliation lies in our self-renewal... We have a large population, so it is impossible for every individual to achieve such self-renewal. We should do it ourselves whether or not others can also do it. This is just like what Gu Yanwu once said,“Survival of a nation is the responsibility of every individual.”